Vietnam, Jubi – Christmas December 2003. Notre Dame Cathedral in Hanoi, crowded by mass participants. However, there was no excessive celebration on the streets outside the cathedral.
In an attempt to circumvent allegations that the United States accused the Vietnamese government of curbing religious life, a ruling Communist Party delegation visited Cardinal Vietnam Pham Dinh Tung and a Protestant church representative before the Christmas celebrations.
But Christianity is regarded by the Vietnamese government as a product of Western imperialism. It needs to be watched the movement.
The Vietnamese government has launched anti-Christian propaganda in Christian concentration.
Freedom of belief for Christians in Vietnam has not been fully realized, because its religious doctrine is considered to threaten the communist government.
Duong Van Minh, a Christian in the red country, three years ago suffered serious kidney disease. He went to seek treatment to Hanoi with some of his relatives.
Time and time again Minh got rejection from the state hospital without a clear explanation. He and the Redemtorist Church who temporarily housed him later concluded: the Vietnamese authorities did discriminate just because Minh was a Christian.
Minh comes from Tuyen Quang Province. Everyday teaching Christian education in the mountainous North Vietnamese where the Hmong ethnic live.
He has always struggled to make Hmong ethnic citizens of Christianity able to practice the burial procedure of relatives who died according to religious teachings. By local authorities, Minh is considered the enemy of the state.
“Since August 1989 we have been preaching the practice of burial according to our teachings, the police and the government are watching us day and night, always looking for loopholes to repress and arrest us,” he told Radio Free Asia.
The Vietnamese government sees people like Minh as a threat to the principle of Vietnamese socialism.
Minh had been imprisoned for five years (1990-1995) In 2013 he was once rejected when he will treat his kidney. Not only denied the health agency in Tuyen Quang, he was also interrogated for four hours per day.
Tuyen Quang police force Minh to be admitted to a police hospital. Bureaucratic coercion is done by ordering hospitals in the area to refuse Minh if they come for treatment.
Police also expressed readiness to pay all medical expenses. But Minh understands, coercion is intended that during treatment Minh can be interrogated about the struggle in advocating the followers of Christ in Vietnam.
According to Vietnam government data in 2014, there are 7.6 million Christians in the country. The percentage reaches 8.3 percent compared to the total number of all believers and other faiths. 6.2 million (6.8 percent) of whom are Catholic, while 1.4 million (1.6 percent) are Protestant. The number rose from 7.5 percent in 2009, where 6.6 percent were Catholic and 0.9 percent Protestant.
Seb Rumsby’s report says that since the 1980s Christians (especially Protestants) have grown rapidly among the Hmong who live in the highlands of North Vietnam. Of the approximately 1 million Hmong tribes in Vietnam, 300,000 are Protestants or Catholics.
Currently there are about 4 million people Hmong tribe spread across the border regions of China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. Due to political upheaval, since the 18th and 19th centuries they migrated to the United States and Australia. Their ethnic identities are built in the same language and tradition, as well as inheritance of the same clan name.
Similar to the Kurds in the Middle East, the Hmong ethnic minority has a significant sense of unity that spawns a voice to expand autonomy in the Hmong tribe.
The Vietnamese government treats the Hmong tribe rather hard, especially for Christians. Christians, especially their pemukaya, have a great influence, including to launch an attitude of resistance.
In the political history of Vietnam, the Hmong tribe was trapped between the communist bloc and the liberal bloc. Surprisingly, no foreign missionary records were found physically present in their territory. Christianity began to spread since the late 1980s through the Hmong language evangelical radio program broadcasted from Manila. They become loyal listeners, then affected.
The Vietnamese constitution was atheistic until the early 1990s. But finally allow the implementation of religious teachings. Buddhism became the most easily developed religion, but Roman Catholicism was also no less rapid. In Southeast Asia, the Catholic population in Vietnam, the second largest after the Philippines.
Despite the freedom, religious groups must register themselves with local authorities, and practice in accordance with the country’s major lines.
If there is a group of beliefs that take the fight. The government responds with repression